NGO Forum has the unique advantage of working with the Rohingya Refugees since 1992. The Forum has been working in the areas of Ukhiya and Teknaf since 1991. According to UNHCR population factsheet, Bangladesh hosts about 889,752 individual Rohingyas from Myanmar who are living in different camp locations in Cox’s Bazar district. More than 100,000 Rohingya refugees are also living in the host communities and in certain locations beyond the camp boundaries. Among them there are 211,182 Rohingya refugees including 33,956 registered refugees targeted for the proposed project who are living in the proposed areas. Since March 2016, NGO Forum has been implementing WASH services in two registered camps. After the influx in August 2017, it started its operation in the extension areas of Kutupalong and Nayapara. Most of the WASH facilities have been constructed considering the emergency situation which now require improvement in the design and operational aspects. Different challenges are being encountered in making all the facilities operational considering the environmental and local contexts. As several WASH facilities require decommissioning and population are frequently relocating, there are still significant gaps. As the emergency situation is almost over and the camp situation is going through a transitional phase, there is a need for introducing improved and sustainable WASH services according to UNHCR standard.NGO Forum has experience in delivering WASH supports to the refugee settlements since 1992 in Cox’s Bazar. Presently, NGO Forum is acting as the WASH Focal in KTP & NYP RC, Camp-05, 17, 26, 06 and Host Community of Ukhiya. NGO Forum has been providing the WASH services with the support of UNHCR for 153,657 refugee population in the selected camps. The Forum has also extended partnerships with other humanitarian response actors. However, 2017 was majorly engaged with UNHCR supported intervention.
NGO Forum has undertaken a number of constructions, reconstruction, rehabilitation, repairing & maintenance and cleaning activities to ensure that all facilities remain functional with effective fecal sludge management system in place. Comprehensive awareness programmes have also been undertaken through different kinds of mass awareness programs including effective hygiene promotion session on Water Safety Plan (WSP), menstrual hygiene, hand washing, environmental hygiene, sanitation, personal and food hygiene. To ensure community involvement and ownership of the sanitation facilities, the project undertook different coordination mechanisms among the government and non-government sector stakeholders.
Project’s Population of Concern
The number of persons of concern under the Project is185,000 and they are directly benefitted in terms of their access targeting that population from the official camps and extension areas living in satisfactory conditions in relation to sanitation and hygiene.
The present WASH scenario in the registered refugee camps under the UNHCR supported interventions is briefed below:
Nayapara Refugee Camp:
There are 19,557 registered refugee population living in this camp. Different types of WaSH facilities have been constructed during the reporting year of 2017. The cumulative figure of all WaSH facilities in this camp is: Latrine blocks-200, Latrine chamber-993, Bath house-283, Garbage pit-90, Incinerator-09, Landfill sites-04, Bio-gas plants-49, Community Kitchen-49 with burner 95, Drainage-19,190 running feet. All WASH facilities have been kept functional round the year ensuring the UNHCR service standard through inclusive operation of WaSH services.
Kutupalong Refugee Camp:
There are 13,985 registered refugee population living in this camp. Different types of WaSH facilities have been constructed during the reporting year of 2017. The cumulative figure of all WaSH facilities in this camp is: Latrine blocks-162, Latrine chamber-794, Bath house-230, Garbage pit-53, Incinerator-02, Landfill sites-02, Bio-gas plants- 27, Community kitchen-27 with burner 50, Drainage- 10,236 running feet. All WaSH facilities are kept functional round the year ensuring the UNHCR service standard through inclusive operation of WaSH services.
Considering the recent influx situation and motivation to work, NGO Forum, in partnership and support from UNHCR, has carried out intense WASH interventions in two extension areas of Nayapara and Kutupalong in the reporting year of 2017 to improve the overall WASH situation along with improved waste management. The basic information of two working areas of NGO Forum is described below:
Kutupalong Extension Camp :
This area is divided into 27 zones and named by AA to ZA. NGO Forum has been implementing the WaSH operation in 07 zones of Kutupalong Extension Camp and those are AA, BB, DD, EE, OO, PP and UU. These working zones are located within 04 administrative blocks and the total approximate population in these areas is approximately 100,000. NGO Forum has been implementing WaSH interventions under the goal Emergency Response with the support of UNHCR since September2017. Under this intervention, NGO Forum constructed different categories of 1,322 latrine chambers, 732 bathing cubicles, 176 Shallow Tubewells, 52 Deep Tubewells with Deep Set Pump, 104 double chambered garbage bins, 3 solid waste dumping sites and 5 environment-friendly desludging sites in these camps.
Nayapara Extension Camp:
A number of cluster blocks have been established in the surroundings of Nayapara camp which have been identified by the Nayapara extension area. The total population in this area is approximately 28,000. In this area, NGO Forum has implemented WaSH intervention under the goal Emergency Response with the support of UNHCR from September 2017. Under this intervention, NGO Forum constructed several WASH facilities such as 277 latrines, 181 bathing cubicles, 05 Ring-wells, 80 temporary garbage pits, one solid waste dumping site and one desludging facility in 2017 .
Promoting Community Solid Waste Management and Alternative Renewable Energy
A holistic solid waste management services have been provided through conducting a series of interventions in both the registered camps. Different types of contemporary techniques and methods have been applied in addressing the solid waste management issues like source separation, screening, waste collection, transportation and dumping, incineration, etc. These systems remain operational round the reporting period through proper operation and maintenanc.
By minimizing the environmental impact and maximizing the renewable energy and local resources, the solar energy and RHC are the noticeable demonstration for scaling up further for the betterment of mankind. NGO Forum has been promoting the Retained Heat Cooker (RHC) in both the camps through undertaking different types of initiatives like, documentary film shows, cooking demonstrations, regular promotional/awareness session, community consultation, developing context specific IEC/BCC materials and developing a context specific documentary film with the involvement of refugee people.
Fecal Sludge Management (FSM) activities had been conducted throughout the project period for proper management of sludge in all working locations. At the refugee camps, the present practice is the consecutive storing (transportation) of liquid sludge from holding tank to Sludge Treatment Plant (STF) for further processing. There are some onsite lime stabilization ponds which are being used for desludging of the sludge tank. In the extension areas, NGO Forum has also developed some lime stabilization ponds with drying bed which is being used for dislodging of the latrines. The project has successfully been able to construct 23 new Bio-gas plants and community kitchen as a part of fecal sludge management as well as alternative renewable energy. During the project period necessary repairing and maintenance initiatives were undertaken in making all 76 bio-gas plants functional. Presently, the existing refugee people are using those bio-gas kitchens with proper knowledge and capacity to manage by themselves.
The impacts on the host community and their livelihood have become a major risk under the intervention. NGO Forum has been involved in implementing a number of quick impact activities benefiting the host communities. An environmental threat encountered during the year 2017 was the cyclone ‘Mora’. Several WASH facilities were affected by the devastation cyclone ‘Mora’ on 30 May 2017 which went through over the coastal areas of Bangladesh. The WaSH facilities like latrines, bathing places and kitchens were destroyed partially/fully and they required repairing under the project. The post recovery of Cyclone ‘Mora’ was one of the important activities in the refugee camps in the reporting period of 2017. With the support of the UNHCR, NGO Forum completed all recovery works in Nayapara and Kutupalong camps in the month of August 2017. In August 2017, 26 latrine blocks and 04 bathing cubicles were recovered through repairing and rehabilitation works in Kutupalong camp, while in Nayapara camp, 38 latrines, 25 bathing cubicles and 09 bio-gas kitchen.
Major Activities at a Glance under Humanitarian Assistance Programme in 2017
|Serial No||Name/Title of the Project||Duration||Year||Donor / Partners||Thematic Area||More|
|1||Improved WASH services to the Myanmer Refuges Population in Ukhiya, Cox's Bazar District||Feb'19 - Jan'20||2019||UNICEF||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|2||Implementation of Community Approaches to Total Sanitation (CATS) in Bangladesh under GoB-UNICEF project||Jan'19 - Dec'21||2019||UNICEF||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|3||Maintaining Access to Safe Water and Sanitation for Rohingyas in Bangladesh||Jan to Dec'19||2019||UNHCR||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|4||WASH and Protection Support Program for Rohingya Refugees and Host Communities in Cox?s Bazar||Jun'2018 - June 2019||2018||Association for Aid and Relief, Japan (AAR Japan)||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|5||Improved WASH Services to the Rohingya Refugees and Host Communities in Cox's Bazar District||17 January 2018 ? 16 January 2019||2018||Unicef-Bangladesh||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|6||Improved WASH Services for the Rohingya Refugees and Host Communities in Cox?s Bazar||January 2018 - January 2019||2018||UNICEF||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|7||Improved WASH Services for the Rohingya Refugees and Host Communities in Cox?s Bazar||January 2018- January 2019||2018||Unicef||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|8||Improving WASH Services for Rohingya new arrivals and Host Communities in Ukhia and Teknaf Upazilas of Cox's Bazar district||July 2017 - December 2017||2017||UNICEF||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|9||Provision of Life-Saving WASH services to the Rohingya Refugees Population in Ukhia Upazilas, Cox's Bazar District||September 2017 - January 2018||2017||UNICEF||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|10||WASH in emergency response of cyclone MORA in Cox?s Bazar||July 2017- Oct 2017||2017||UNICEF||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|11||Improved WASH services for Rohingya new arrivals and host communities in Ukhia and Teknaf Upazilas of Cox's Bazar district||July 2017 to December 2017||2017||UNICEF||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|12||Provision of life-saving WASH services to the Rohingya Refugees Population in Ukhiya Upazila, Cox?s Bazar District||September to December 2017||2017||UNICEF||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|13||Maintaining access to WASH in Nayapara and Kutupalong Refugee camps in Bangladesh||01 Jan 2017- 31 Dec2017||2017||UNHCR||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|14||Maintaining Access to Safe Water and Sanitation in Nayapara and Kutupalong Refugee Camps in Bangladesh||March 2016 - December 2016.||2016||UNHCR||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|15||Improving WASH Services for Rohingya Host Communities in Ukhia and Teknaf Upazilas of Cox's Bazar district||February 2016 to June 2016||2016||UNICEF||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|16||WASH in Emergency Response of Cyclone of ROANU in Bhola, Barguna, Cox's Bazar and Chittagong||August 2016 - October 2016||2016||UNICEF||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|17||WASH in Emergency Response of Cyclone of MORA in Cox's Bazar||July 2016 - October 2016||2016||UNICEF||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|18||Maintaining access to safe water and sanitation in Nayapara and Kutupalong Refugee camps in Bangladesh||01 Mar2016- 31 Dec 2016||2016||UNHCR||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|19||Oxfam Humanitarian Capacity Building Project (OHCB)||October 2015 - March 2016||2015||Oxfam||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|20||Improving access to health and WATSAN services along with community awareness/empowerment in Cox's Bazar||September 2015 - June 2016.||2015||IOM||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|21||Sensitizing the Pro-poor Service Promotion Securing Rights and Governance||Oct2014 to Dec 2016||2014||ManusherJonno Foundation||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|22||Emergency provision of continued Water Sanitation and Hygiene services for the Undocumented Myanmar Nationals||Apr 2014 to Aug2015||2014||International Organization for Migration||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|23||ECHO Health Care Program (WASH Component)||Jan-Dec 2014||2014||ECHO & Muslim Aid||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|24||Enhancing Governance and Capacity of Service Providers and Civil Society in Water Supply and Sanitation Sector||Jan2013 to Dec 2016||2013||European Union||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|25||Integrated humanitarian Assistance Programme for Vulnerable Groups||January 2013 - December 2013||2013||ECHO & Muslim Aid UK||Humanitarian Response||Details|
|26||Water and Environmental Sanittion Programme for Rohingya Refugees||January 1992 - November 1993||1992||OXFAM (UK)||Humanitarian Response||Details|